In Sindhupalchowk, the worst hit district by the Earthquake of April and May 2015, about 59% of people lost their homes. According to the Nepal Earthquake 2015: District profile, 546 schools were affected by the earthquake and about 2746 classrooms were fully damaged, likewise 1273 classrooms suffered major damage.
The 2015 earthquakes in Nepal led to a breakdown of child protection systems and increases in unsafe migration and parents sending their children away to work, all of which massively exacerbated the existing risks for trafficking across the country. According to Home Ministry data, human trafficking from Nepal to India has increased 300% since the quakes, with 60% of cases involving girls, women and children being trafficked into sex slavery.
The Sindhupalchok and Nuwakot districts were particularly devastated by the earthquakes. In Sindhupalchok alone 96.8% of homes were destroyed, and nearly 5000 people lost their lives across the region. Shocked and shattered families already living in poverty have had to rebuild their homes and communities, often with little or minimal support from government offices and aid agencies even two years on. Insecure, powerless and excluded they are more susceptible than ever to trafficking.
We carried out an extensive research project between 2010 and 2013 in Sindhupalchowk and Nuwakot into the primary cause of child trafficking within the districts. You can read our findings report by clicking here.